“We must go there.”

“Moon to Mars”

Amit Kshatriya’s office looks after 6 areas:

  • Orion spacecraft
  • Rakete Space Launch System (SLS)
  • Survey ground station Kennedy Space Center in Florida
  • Lunar Gateway
  • Landing systems
  • Autonomous vehicles and human mobility (EVA and Human Propulsion), which includes the development of space suits

“A Map to Deep Space”

Kshatriya’s team has to deal with some logistics. Learning is a short-term goal space fuel To come and save, for example Lunar Gateway. NASA is working with ESA to develop this new space station between the Moon and Earth. “it is a Key technology“, explains Kshatriya. The point of space travel is to move heavy cargo and a crew. That’s what you want. Verified And Reliable Technologies you can trust.

“it is a blue bass for that deep space“, he says. Because once the possibility of refueling rockets and spacecraft directly in space is established, it paves the way for further penetration into the universe. At some point this is the only way people can do this. tuesday to reach

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Everything rises and falls with water

However, the entire project hinges on the question of whether there is anything on the moon A large amount of water that is easily accessible gives Although this is considered relatively certain, doubts remain. This makes planning the entire organization a challenge, which requires flexibility and adaptability with each new piece of information.

“I want one Risks to enter If we already know everything, it takes away the mystery and wonder of discovery,” enthuses Kshatriya. He has a certain image in mind. One day it will happen first wife Standing on the moon, where no man has ever been. She will look around for clues that can tell her more about this place. “To me that’s a big idea. The human brain doesn’t have the genius of recognizing patterns Orbiter Or Robot can feel,” he explains.

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NASA illustration of two female astronauts examining lunar rocks

Faith in science

That’s why you have to bring people there. The Kshatriya believes that they will find what they are looking for, because he has faith in research: “We have Amazing scientists All over the world. They pondered the solar system, evaluated data on the formation of the moon, and learned how the cosmic engine worked. If they think there’s water on the moon, we’ll go there.

Water is not the only thing to survive For example, from people Attemgas arises. It will also be the basis for that Fuel production. Already today Liquid oxygen And Hydrogen Used to propel rockets and spaceships.

LRO’s images and measurements show where water ice (blue) is located at the moon’s south pole

Water becomes breathing air and fuel

“We can extract water, purify it and turn it into a raw material. We have to rely on the land to survive,” explains the Kshatriya. Repeated transport of water and fuel from Earth to the Moon would be an enormous effort, making it impossible to maintain a presence on the Moon for long periods of time.

Water is mainly used At the South Pole Moon is suspect. The South Pole is not illuminated by the Sun because the Moon is slightly tilted. On the one hand, it makes it difficult to observe the area. She, on the other hand, is was invitedthat pit In large measure there water ice More non-volatile ones may be available. It is recognized with the help of Rock specimens and data Lunar Renaissance Orbit. However, there is still no concrete evidence of how much water is available or how accessible it is.

Dangerous radiation

But that’s not the only uncharted waters the Kshatriya has to plan for. To date, only one mission has flown in the Artemis program. The Orion spacecraft A satellite orbited the Earth without a crew. with Artemis II is for 2025 A tour with the crew is planned. Despite the successful landings on the Moon since 1969, given today’s knowledge, the danger of such a flight should not be underestimated. “Once that’s done Protective magnetic field “Leaving the earth, the body is exposed to radiation,” says Kshatriya.

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Along with new measurements and old Apollo data, engineers help Shields Minimize impact on people. More experiences ISS plays an important role. Despite the International Space Station 400 kilometers high Still largely shielded from radiation by Earth’s magnetic field, strong solar flares can endanger the crew. There is a special radiation protection room where she can stay in case of emergency.

Women Astronauts: Heroes, Explorers, Patients

Missions on the ISS can last more than a year, but people will only be on the moon 2 dessert cost. “We know how to deal with an outcome Long-haul flight In weightlessness,” says Kshatriya. Above all, this is important gamearound Bone strength to get

“But there are many things we don’t know, and that’s why we’re cautious. Our astronauts are heroes and researchers, but patients are all together. Medical examination. We will not take big risks until we understand the long-term consequences,” he assures.

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Like the Apollo mission, the focus of future space missions will be on the latest technology. At that time there should be about one Navigation system Built small enough to fit in a spacecraft. It came at a time when computers were as big as bookcases Apollo Guide Computer Only on that day 61 cm long And 32 cm widewith weight 32 kg. “Fortune is on the side of the brave,” says the Kshatriya.

Most investments require faith

In this case, courage also requires a large amount of money. The US government is solely responsible for this FY 2025 $7.8 billion Planned for Project Artemis. Delays But at the same time it is always unsatisfying. The charts revolve around the dream of the Moon and Mars residences, became Artemis II It was postponed several timesFrom November 2024 at the latest September 2025. Problems with the Orion spacecraft’s ventilation and temperature regulation circuitry and falling parts of the heat shield prevented the launch.

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“Trust is easy to get, but it’s hard to keep it. When you design a project on paper, it’s simple, flexible, executable, lightweight, under budget and on schedule. Once we build a real system, it’s heavy, over budget and late. The cost of this is the Embarrassmentand A Massive effort Van resources. This is how the world works” says Kshatriya.

Artemis Table

These are the currently scheduled start times:

  • Artemis II (Board Circular): September 2025
  • Artemis III (First Landing at Lunar South Pole): September 2026
  • Artemis IV (First flight to lunar gateway): 2028
  • Artemis v (Moon Landing with a Stop at the Lunar Gateway): 2029

After that the annual work will be done

NASA-designed From the “Explorer” series

It is necessary to maintain the confidence of the people who fund the project through investments or taxes Ehrlich Explain progress and methods. “If you don’t do that, you lose faith forever. We want to show an end point, but not so much because we want to present success in the end. But, even if it’s difficult, we need to communicate clearly where the challenges are.”

Build the infrastructure

Private companies and startups, which have become an increasingly important part of NASA planning, also benefit. Instead of taking a centralized approach with its own rockets, spacecraft and nations, NASA is rushing ahead and taking a risk to provide one for industry. Infrastructure should be provided. The Kennedy Space Center Can be done by private companies like SpaceX Used as a starting point. The ISS Can be used by companies for testing, and even tourism use is possible. This opens up entirely new areas of business. They handle it the same way European Space Agency ESA. The aim is to put tax money used for development and research back into the economy.

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